ME:120.751 :: Ophthalmological Illustration

Course Description

Offered: Second Quarter, Second Year
Instructors: Juan Garcia, Associate Professor, Lead Instructor
Gary Lees, Professor
Credits: 4 Credits: 12 studio hours per wee

Intensive review of gross and microscopic anatomy of the orbit. Common ophthalmological surgical procedures are observed and sketched; one procedure is rendered to completion. Special illustration techniques and introduction to the use of the patient examination instruments unique to ophthalmology are presented.

Course Objectives

  • Illustrate, with accepted conventions, normal anatomy of the external eye, orbital contents, histology of the peripheral fundus, macula, and optic disc.
  • Develop skills in a variety of drawing and painting techniques appropriate to the subject and purpose.
  • Complete surgical illustrations systematically by: sketching directly from surgery, counseling with surgeon, and illustrating for appropriate audience.
  • Use correct terminology when consulting with and illustrating for the ophthalmologist.


  • Wilmer Eye Institute: faculty, library and facilities
  • (1) indirect ophthalmoscope and (4) direct ophthalmoscopes and (1) slit lamp
  • Bartner Fundus Model
  • Department of Art as Applied to Medicine ophthalmology library (see library inventory list)
  • Collection of original fundus paintings by Annette Burgess

Course Assignments

  • Watercolor painting of external eye,
  • Watercolor painting of blue and brown iris,
  • One example of each: Continuous tone rendering of cornea, lens, and iris-corneal angle,
  • Observation, sketching, and watercolor painting of normal ocular fundus,
  • Observation and watercolor painting of ocular surgery (one procedure).

Course Evaluation

  • 1:1 faculty-student interface
  • Interim class critiques
  • Single project evaluations
  • Written examination
  • Final grade


Three half days and one half Saturday per week during the fourth quarter. See the departmental calendar for the 2nd year students.

All students with disabilities who require accommodations for this course should contact Catherine L. Will, Disability Services Coordinator for Graduate Biomedical Education ( or 410-614-3781) at their earliest convenience to discuss their specific needs. Please note that accommodations are not retroactive.


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